The Potential Impact of Offshore Wind Energy on a Future Power System in the U.S. Northeast

National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Philipp Beiter, Jessica Lau, Joshua Novacheck, Qing Yu, Gord Stephen, Jennie Jorgenson, Walter Musial, and Eric Lantz

Abstract: This study aims to understand and quantify the potential impact of offshore wind on a future electricity system in the U.S. Northeast. In this analysis, a detailed representation of the Northeast power system is adopted, using a generation portfolio for 2024 paired with offshore wind nameplate capacities of 0 gigawatts (GW), 2 GW, and 7 GW. The analysis identifies points of offshore wind interconnection in the ISO-New England and New York Independent System Operator control areas and uses hourly wind profiles from the Wind Integration National Dataset Toolkit. Hourly simulations of the 2024 power system operations show an ability to accommodate the prescribed offshore wind capacities by adapting the system's generation dispatch. Curtailment levels of offshore wind range between...

Publication Date: 
Thursday, January 30, 2020
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