U.S. Department of Energy Response to Executive Order 14017, “America’s Supply Chains”
On January 27, 2021, the Biden Administration issued Executive Order 14008 (“Executive Order on Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad” 2021), which established a target of achieving 100% carbon pollution-free electricity by 2035 and net zero greenhouse gas emissions economy-wide by no later than 2050 (The White House 2021c). Achieving these goals is expected to require deploying several clean energy technologies at a rapidly increasing scale. A subsequent Executive Order 14017 on America’s Supply Chains directs the Secretary of Energy to submit a supply chain overview report for the Energy Sector Industrial Base. A cross-DOE team led by the Office of Policy was tasked with reviewing key technology supply chains and determining actionable policy steps to enable the United States to meet its domestic demand for these critical technologies within five years while also considering environmental justice and impacts on underserved communities(The White House 2021a).