Land-based and offshore wind are expected to be a cornerstone for achieving U.S. clean electricity generation objectives, including 100% clean electricity by 2035 and an 30 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind by 2030. Meeting these goals will require significant expansion of domestic supply chains and installation of unprecedented amounts of wind capacity. To meet this challenge, researchers compiled a report examining the U.S. land-based and offshore wind energy supply chain, including raw materials, processed materials, components, sub-components, and recycling.
Government Policy & Regulation
The report “America’s Strategy to Secure the Supply Chain for a Robust Clean Energy Transition” lays out the challenges and opportunities faced by the United States in the energy supply chain as well as the federal government plans to address these challenges and opportunities. It is accompanied by several issue-specific deep dive assessments, including this one, in response to Executive Order 14017 “America’s Supply Chains,” which directs the Secretary of Energy to submit a report on supply chains for the energy sector industrial base. The Executive Order is helping the federal government to build more secure and diverse U.S. supply chains, including energy supply chains.
On January 27, 2021, the Biden Administration issued Executive Order 14008 (“Executive Order on Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad” 2021), which established a target of achieving 100% carbon pollution-free electricity by 2035 and net zero greenhouse gas emissions economy-wide by no later than 2050 (The White House 2021c). Achieving these goals is expected to require deploying several clean energy technologies at a rapidly increasing scale. A subsequent Executive Order 14017 on America’s Supply Chains directs the Secretary of Energy to submit a supply chain overview report for the Energy Sector Industrial Base. A cross-DOE team led by the Office of Policy was tasked with reviewing key technology supply chains and determining actionable policy steps to enable the United States to meet its domestic demand for these critical technologies within five years while also considering environmental justice and impacts on underserved communities(The White House 2021a).
BOEM announces the availability of the joint ROD on the final environmental impact statement (EIS) for the construction and operations plan (COP) submitted by South Fork Wind, LLC (South Fork Wind). The joint ROD includes the decisions of the Department of the Interior (DOI) and NMFS regarding the South Fork Wind COP. NMFS has adopted the Final EIS to support its decision to issue an incidental take authorization under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. The joint ROD concludes the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process for each agency and is available with associated information on BOEM's website at: https://www.boem.gov/renewable-energy/state-activities/south-fork.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today released America’s first comprehensive plan to ensure security and increase our energy independence. The sweeping report, “America’s Strategy to Secure the Supply Chain for a Robust Clean Energy Transition,” lays out dozens of critical strategies to build a secure, resilient, and diverse domestic energy sector industrial base that will establish America’s role as a global leader in clean energy manufacturing and innovation.
An Act to expand offshore wind development in the Commonwealth.
The Biden administration has issued its first clean energy loan guarantee. The revived loan program is part of President Joe Biden’s efforts to slash planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030, amid legislative gridlock that has stalled a $2 trillion package of social and environmental initiatives. It's among the tools he can use without new legislation.
We analyze infrastructure needed for offshore wind power targets set by U.S. state and federal policies—specifically, manufacturing, vessels, and offshore wind ports. By examining cost-competitive turbine and project sizes and infrastructure challenges, we identify marshaling ports as a key bottleneck. Through elicitation of requirements from supply chain, port, and vessel experts, we identify the necessary attributes for marshaling ports and calculate the area needed to meet policy targets. US marshaling ports are currently insufficient to meet either state or federal power targets.
Many US Atlantic Coast states have set rigorous goals for offshore wind power generation and developers have responded by leasing established wind energy areas from the federal government. The total project generation under contract has surpassed 6 GW across several established wind energy areas. Under the Biden administration, the US has redoubled efforts to improve and accelerate permitting and job creation as well as support new infrastructure and other research and development initiatives.