The report describes how developing Marylandﾒs offshore wind resource would bring benefits to all regions of the state- in the form of cleaner air, new jobs and economic activity, and greater protection against the threat posed by global warming to the environment and human health.
Energy & Climate Change Planning
The report describes offshore wind research results in areas of feasibility-level design and economic assessment, preliminary mapping offshore areas, and evaluation of economic development potential. It offers recommendations for applied research and government policy.
The report summarizes offshore wind energy's production potential along the Atlantic Coast, with state-by-state highlights.
The report urges Marylandﾒs Public Service Commission (PSC) to encourage development of the state's offshore wind energy resources, setting a goal of commercial operation of the first major offshore wind farm by 2014. Nearly 60 percent of Maryland's electricity generation comes from coal-fired power plants. In addition, the state imports nearly a third of its electricity supply from coal-fired power plants in West Virginia and Pennsylvania. Maryland's dependence on fossil fuels and other states for its electricity supply leaves it vulnerable to supply disruptions and price spikes, and contributes to the pollution that drives global warming.
In this public opinion survey, MassINC found that while most residents still do not look at global warming as a high long-term priority, a majority sees it as a problem, supports policy efforts to curb greenhouse gas emissions, and takes steps as individuals to reduce their personal energy consumption: 80% of residents would spend one extra dollar per month on their electric bill for renewable energy; 69% would pay up to three dollars more; 60% would spend up to five dollars more. A majority of residents (53%) think acting to curb global warming will help the Massachusetts economy; just 16% say the stateﾒs climate change efforts are detrimental to the economy.
The white paper discusses wind energy potential on the US Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), available offshore wind energy technology, and economic and environmental considerations.
The study estimated New England's maximum theoretical wind generation potential as approximately 94,000 MW, of which 34,000 MW was from offshore resources. For offshore sites, the effective Forward Capacity Marketing (FCM) capacity rating was 26% for summer and 46% for winter.
The plan outlines the action steps the State of Maine should consider implementing in order to achieve energy independence over the next 50 years, and consists of six main components: 1) strengthening energy efficiency, conservation, and weatherization; fostering renewable energy; improving transportation and fuel efficiencies; upgrading electricity and natural gas services and transmission infrastructure; State of Maine Leading by Example; and, energy emergency preparedness and response.
Element 781 of the Rhode Island State Guide Plan encourages continued private sector development of renewable energy applications and supports studies to determine the feasibility of establishing a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) for Rhode Island.
The report contains detailed policy objectives and implementation strategies to address Georgia's current and future energy concerns, including exploring opportunities for offshore wind production through support of the Georgia Wind Working Group.