The Energy Master Plan (EMP) aims to achieve $30 billion in total energy savings between 2010 and 2020 for consumers, while stimulating $33 billion worth of investment into the stateﾒs energy infrastructure and creating 20,000 jobs by 2015. It calls for the development of at least 1,000 MW of offshore wind by 2012, and at least 3,000 MW of offshore wind and up to 200 MW of onshore wind by 2020. Overall, the plan aims to achieve 30% of state's electricity needs from renewable sources by 2020.
Energy & Climate Change Planning
The study examined the reliability, economic, and environmental impacts of seven different future scenarios for meeting New England's electricity needs in the 2020-2025 timeframe. Scenario #6 included approximately 20 million MWh from existing and new onshore and offshore wind facilities, and assumed the need for additional electricial transmission facilities at a cost of $581 million to $3.9 billion.
The report assesses the potential penetration of offshore wind in the United States through the use of the Wind Deployment System (WindDS) model under different technology development, cost, and policy scenarios.
An overview of the observed and predicted changes to Massachusettsﾑ climate and their anticipated impacts, and key adaptation strategies that cut across multiple sectors, including Natural Resources and Habitat, Key Infrastructure, Human Health and Welfare, Local Economy and Government, and Coastal Zone and Oceans.
Appendix E summarizes the results of the modelling of total economic impacts of offshore wind energy development in two phases: an investment phase and an operation phase. An investment of $1 million dollars would generate less than 8 jobs, $1.6 million in output, and $0.5 million in wages on average. But once operational, offshore wind would support annually a total of 48 jobs, $8.3 million in output, and $3.6 million in wages. The total state and local tax revenues would amount to approximately $97,953 on average per $1 million for the investment phase, and an annual total of $424,731 for the operation phase.
Appendix C includes a summary of the development of Maryland's Coastal Atlas for marine spatial planning, and the formation and activities of the federal-state Renewable Energy Task Force in offering siting recommendations.
The draft Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions Act plan comprises 65 strategies that are expected to reduce statewide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions 25% from a 2006 baseline by 2020 to avoid the most severe impacts of climate change and contribute to the growth of green jobs and economic recovery. The identified offshore wind initiative is expected to generate annually 48.2 jobs, $8.3 million in output, and $3.6 million in wages (in its operational phase).
The study considers potential environmental, user, and nautical conflicts, and electric system characteristics and policy in Maryland as they relate to the potential for offshore wind power development. The study concludes that by using existing, proven technology (monopile; 5 MW turbines) and accounting for various social, environmental, and nautical exclusion zones and conflict areas, Marylandﾒs available offshore wind resource could provide 67% of the stateﾒs electric load.
The Executive Summary provides an overview of the key points of each chapter of the Climate Action Plan.
Chapter 6 recommends the principles and objectives for a federal-state partnership in shaping climate mitigation and adaptation policies.